Cuba has diverse patrimonial cities, of which Santiago of Cuba stands out for its singular history and varied traditions, what make it a tourist destination to visit for national and international travelers.
It located in the east of Cuba, characterized by mountains, intense heat, sinuous streets and their residents possess very singular intonation when speaking. This city possesses a coarse history from its foundation like village in 1515, among the first seven villages of Cuba. It is the second more important city of the country due to their economy and population.
It constitutes an exceptional city, it combines values and attractiveness that show their people’s idiosyncrasy, the culture and history, besides the enjoyment of exotic nature. It is known as the City Hero of Cuba, title that was granted by the support from their town to the liberal war of the Cubans.
Santiago of Cuba was also attacked by corsairs, pirates and filibusters that walked in search of wealth that were part of what had inherited this territory.
The Marte square is one of the parks where the citizen enjoys beauty of this city. It combines modernity with history and tradition, from where the Enramadas street is born, one of the most popular.
The Enramadas street is step forced for all visitor that wants to traffic for a popular artery. Also, they will have possibility to find several options to taste of the Creole food, to buy souvenir and to exchange with their inhabitants.
The Céspedes park constitutes downtown, and it takes the name of the Homeland Father, Carlos Manuel of Céspedes. Cuban patriot that in 1868 he liberated his slaves and he undertook the fight against the Spanish colony for the freedom of Cuba. To this hero it also surrenders homage in the Santa Ifigenia cementery next to other outstanding patriots, José Martí Pérez, Mariana Grajales and Fidel Castro Ruz.
The visit to the Spanish conqueror’s house Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, transmits an energy as if the time has stopped. From the balcony´s house you can sight the Santiago de Cuba bay, majestic view. In the same way, the Hernán Cortés conqueror was the first mayor of the city and from there it left toward the conquest of Mexico.
Cristóbal Colón had already sighted its magnificent and sheltered bay from its first trips to America. The first Cuba´s conquerors and settlers fixed in it, their capital from the distant year of 1522, it dates in that was declared ” city ” officially. The Catholic Church had the prevailed headquarters of the Archbishopric equally in the island, title that still shows.
The image that we know today of the foundation ring of the city and their surrounding buildings, as the main facade of the Cathedral, City council, Casa Granda Hotel and San Carlos Club, they are the architect’s work and engineer civil Carlos Segrera who was during many years municipal architect.
Santiago de Cuba is the cradle of a great quantity of musical goods of Cuba. It has been recognized as the cradle of Son and Bolero, the traditional trova and the expression coral have a deep support. There, it was born big musicians, as Sindo Garay, Ñico Saquito, Eliades Ochoa, Compay Segundo, Olga Guillot, for alone to mention some.
It is without a doubt an exceptional city, in which it combines multiple values that it allows the visitor to enter in contact with their people’s idiosyncrasy, the culture and history, while you enjoy the exotic nature.
The popular parties of more importance are ¨The Santiaguero Carnival¨, the best in the country and ¨The Party of the Fire¨.
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